Mississippi Canoeing / Kayaking Laws

Thankfully, the governing bodies that oversee Mississippi’s boating regulations and laws, understand that less is more.

Mississippi canoe and kayak laws allow for non-motorized vessels to be exempt from registration. However, it is mandatory for all canoes and kayaks to have onboard a life jacket for each person and a loud sound-making device like a whistle.


Mississippi Canoeing/Kayaking Laws Overview



Governing Body – The Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks and the Mississippi Department of Marine Resources are responsible for regulating boating laws in the state of Mississippi. 

Here is a link to more information on all the boating laws and regulations in Mississippi

Canoe Registration – Unpowered (human-powered) boats are not required to be registered.

Title – You will NOT need to title your canoe or kayak in Mississippi, even if your vessel requires registration. Titling in Mississippi is optional.

A registration form can be found here.

Canoe/Kayak License Requirements – If the craft is powered only by means other than an assisted device like a motor (ie. if it’s human-powered), no registration or licensing is required.

Canoe/Kayak Operator Requirements – No certification or special education is required to operate a non-powered canoe/kayak.

Who needs a Mississippi boating education certification? – Anyone born after June 30, 1980 must carry a valid boating education course card while on the water.

Operating Under the Influence – No person is allowed to operate or be in physical control of a motorboat or vessel with a motor of 25 HP or greater while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

Anyone caught with a blood alcohol content of 0.08% or higher will be in violation of BUI (boating under the influence) laws.

Still, while Mississippi’s BUI law is quite generous by imposing a motor size limit of 25 HP, I would strongly suggest it’s not a great idea to get liquored up and then hop into your Jon boat with a 20 HP Mercury and open it up at full throttle and go around in circles while waving a bottle of Jack Daniels and dancing naked.

Problems will result from such action in spite of your “less-than-25 HP” motor.

Emergency Equipment Requirements – As in most jurisdictions, a wearable personal flotation device needs to be accessible to everyone in a vessel in the state of Mississippi.

The minimum legal requirements for emergency equipment on your vessel (canoe/kayak) includes the following:

  • Life jackets— U.S. Coast Guard-approved life jackets, of the right size and type, for everyone on board
  • A white navigation light—during low visibility such as fog, heavy rain, night time, dawn or dusk. It must be visible from all angles (or at minimum, a “navigation” light deployable in sufficient time to prevent a collision)
  • Visual Distress Signal – Not necessary in UNLESS you are on Federal waters after sunset and before sunrise.
  • Sound Producing Device – Typically an emergency whistle capable of making a “loud” noise. While most states mandate such a sounding device, it is not officially (legally) required in Mississippi, though the state strongly encourages it.

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Do I Need a License or permit of any kind in order to canoe or kayak in Mississippi?



While Mississippi does require registering a motorized craft (battery-powered or liquid fuel-powered), it does not require non-powered kayaks or canoes to be registered.

Also, you won’t need registration or titling if you bring your canoe or kayak from another state (where it is operated legally with valid registration if required) and use it in Mississippi for less than 60 days.

You may register and title your motorized canoe (if applicable) using THIS LINK.


Do I Need a Title for my Canoe or Kayak in Mississippi?



The State of Mississippi offers titling as an option for boat owners but does not mandate titling, even with vessels that require registration.

Here is where you can register and title your vessel if necessary.


Do I Need a License or Registration in Mississippi if my Canoe or Kayak has a Motor?



You’ll need to register your motorized canoe in Mississippi. All motorized vessels with any kind of motor (gas or electric) and any level of power, will need to be registered (Certificate of Number) in Mississippi and also display the appropriate decals/numbers.

You’ll need to have your Certificate of Number available for inspection if asked by an enforcement officer.

Additionally, anyone under the age of 14, will need to be accompanied onboard the vessel by someone at least 21 years old (and in possession of a valid operator card if born after June 30, 1980).

BOAT REGISTRATION INFO


Canoe/Kayak Operator Requirements for Motorized and Non-Motorized Vessels in Mississippi



Do I have to be a certain age in Mississippi to operate a canoe with an electric trolling motor?

In order to operate any motorized craft in Mississippi, you’ll need a Boater Safety Certification Card and be at least 12 years old OR be accompanied by a valid certificate holder (if born after June 30, 1980).

Here’s where you can begin your State-approved Boater Safety Course.


Alcohol – Operating Under the Influence in the State of Mississippi



Is it illegal to drink alcohol while paddling my canoe in Mississippi?

It is illegal in Mississippi to operate a boat while intoxicated, though the law applies officially to anyone operating a vessel with a 25 HP or greater motor. A boater is considered “intoxicated” if his/her blood alcohol content (BAC) is 0.08% or higher.

However, if a boater is impaired by any substance, including prescription drugs, marijuana, or other narcotics, they can still be charged with impaired boating if they fail to pass a field sobriety test or their actions give evidence of their intoxication.


Mississippi Boating Emergency Equipment Requirements



Every state has a slightly different take on what is required or suggested regarding life jackets. I’m a pretty good swimmer, but it’s just become a habit now for me to wear a PFD at all times.

In my case, I’ll cheat a bit and take it off or open it for a while if it’s insanely hot and the water is calm, but as a rule, I’d say wear one all the time!

What are the required items I’ll need legally while canoeing/kayaking in Mississippi?

You’ll need a number of items of gear for legal and safe travel on Mississippi’s waterways.

Life Jacket – You will be required by law to have a readily accessible and wearable PFD (personal flotation device) for everyone on board your canoe/kayak. They need to be Type I, II or III (or a wearable V)

Throwable Flotation Devices – Not mandatory in canoes or kayaks.

Manual Bailing Device – Not officially mandatory, but it’s a VERY good idea to have one.

Visual Distress Signals (VDS) – Not required unless your vessel is in Federally-controlled waters.

If you are on Federally controlled waters after dark, your canoe/kayak will need to have a minimum of three night VDS’s (or day/night VDS’s like a flare or red meteor). You do not need to carry a daytime VDS if you are operating a human-powered canoe or kayak.

Note: The VDS requirement assumes you are on the water after dark.

Navigation Lights – Unpowered vessels require, at minimum, a bright white lantern with enough luminosity to prevent a collision. These lights are required only when the boat is anchored or moving anytime between sunset and sunrise.

Sound Devices – Officially, Mississippi laws doe NOT require canoes and kayaks to have a loud sound-producing device audible for great distances, but it is strongly suggested by the state, that you do DO carry one onboard.

Fire Extinguishers – Not required in canoes/kayaks

Emergency Locator Beacons – Not required, but I’ve included this piece of equipment because I believe it is something EVERY canoeist and kayaker should have regardless of where they will paddle.  ACR makes a very good model (pictured below).

ACR makes the best Emergency Locator Beacon … in my opinion!


Do Adults Need Life Jackets for Kayaks/Canoes in Mississippi?



Canoes or kayaks of any size/length need to have aboard a Type I, II or III US Coast Guard-approved personal flotation device for each person on board.

Anyone under the age of 12 needs to be WEARING an approved PFD while in the vessel WHILE it is underway (moving).

IMPORTANT: It’s worth a mention to note that the PFD must be in good condition (not full of rips/tears with broken straps, etc.) AND must be readily accessible, AND must be of the proper size for the intended user.

Canoe Safety Gear (The Essentials & “Almost” Essentials)


Emergency Sound Device (Mississippi Boating Law)



According to Mississippi boat laws, all boats within the state boundaries SHOULD have a device that makes a very loud noise, but it is not mandatory on “non-federal” waters. In Mississippi, any powered or unpowered canoe or kayak should have a loud noise-making device that can produce a sustained blast for 4-6 seconds.

We regularly use the FOX 40 whistle that you can get HERE for around $10!

That said, if you’re feeling adventurous, there is a louder whistle that exceeds the typical 115 to 120 decibel level of the Fox 40 line of whistles. The Hyper-Whistle is a great alternative to the Fox 40 though it’s a few dollars more and a tiny bit bigger.

It offers a 2-mile range and can hit up to 142 decibels (dB). You can check it out on Amazon for only about $5 more than the Fox 40.

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The HyperWhistle is the loudest whistle currently on the market

You may also choose to have an air horn or other device that does not require your lung power, but I find a whistle is more than adequate given its smaller size, lower price, and because it’s maintenance-free and never has to be replaced or recharged or “checked” unless it’s lost.


Canoe/Kayak Emergency Lighting (Mississippi Boating Law)



Do I need special lights for my canoe in Mississippi?

If you are operating an unpowered canoe or kayak, you’ll need to have AT LEAST a bright white lantern that produces a light that is visible from every angle and displayed in sufficient time to prevent a collision.

All craft (including canoes/kayaks) must display a white light visible from all angles if anchored anywhere OTHER THAN a designed mooring area.

The State of Mississippi encourages users of kayaks and canoes (after dark) to display the bow red/green lights as well when underway. I’ve included a photo and link below to the best option (which is also the cheapest) for a canoe or kayak.

This is the best (and least expensive) option for a portable bow light that satisfies all state/provincial boating regulations.


This is definitely the light I would get if I didn’t already have an excellent light that I use for longer wilderness trips (smaller but not as impressive as this one)!

A stern mounted white light such as this one is exactly what is mandated for use if your canoe or kayak is (for some reason) moored away from shore overnight.

Here’s our choice for an excellent small, effective, and compliant stern light for dusk to dawn voyages.



Here’s a light very similar to the one I actually use in real life on my trips!



Visual Distress Signals (VDS) – Required only on Federally-controlled waters in the state.

Here’s the most convenient night VDS that is compliant with all states and provinces.


Mississippi Canoe / Kayak Fire Extinguisher Law



Fire extinguishers are not required for canoes or kayaks for obvious reasons. If you should find yourself in a situation where a fire breaks out in your canoe, a simple splash of water (or barring that, a controlled capsize) should do the trick nicely.


Mississippi Paddling!

 The Mississippi River Water Trails encompasses 121 miles of the Mississippi River including the confluence of the two longest rivers in the country, 75 sites including  62 rest areas and 17 camping areas, three lock and dams, and it spans two states.

Interesting Paddle Facts!

If you’ve ever wondered where MOST paddlers paddle, here’s the answer, and it may surprise you!

Of all paddlers in North America, 59% paddle on lakes, 45% on rivers, 19% on oceans, 16% on ponds, and 15% on streams.

Ever wonder how long most paddlers get out on the water?

77% of all paddlers are out only for day trips, while 9% go for an overnight trip. A total of 11% of all canoeists and kayakers head out on multi-day trips like 3 days up to several months. Most of those trips are 3-6 days.


Mississippi Boating Rules and Certification Information



Mississippi’s Boating Guide can be found HERE

Mississippi River Water Trail Information

Mississippi Boater Safety Course

Boat Registration and Titling Information


Pete Stack

After 40 years of experience canoeing, camping, fishing, hiking and climbing in the Ontario wilderness, Pete is eager to combine his love for the outdoors with his passion to write. It is our hope that his knowledge can be passed on through this site and on Rugged Outdoors Guide on YouTube.

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